Posts Tagged ‘sincerity’

Why morality? Three moral gradations of morality mentioned by Quran

March 8, 2014

Paarsurrey made comments on the following blog; the viewers could express their views freely.

“Fide Dubitandum”
“Amoral Morality?”

paarsurrey :March 8th, 2014 at 4:17 pm

Quran mentions three gradations of morality:

[16:91] Verily, Allah enjoins justice, and the doing of good to others; and giving like kindred; and forbids indecency, and manifest evil, and wrongful transgression. He admonished you that you may take heed.

Thus explained by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad- the Promised Messiah:

“This means that we are commanded to return good for good, and to exercise benevolence when it is called for, and to do good with natural eagerness as between kindred, when that should be appropriate.

God Almighty forbids transgression or that you should exercise benevolence out of place or should refrain from exercising it when it is called for; or that you should fall short of exercising graciousness as between kindred on its proper occasion, or should extend it beyond its appropriate limit. This verse sets forth three gradations of doing good.

The first is the doing of good in return for good.

This is the lowest gradation and even an average person can easily acquire this gradation that he should do good to those who do good to him.

The second gradation is a little more difficult than the first, and that is to take the initiative in doing good out of pure benevolence. This is the middle grade. Most people act benevolently towards the poor, but there is a hidden deficiency in benevolence, that the person exercising benevolence is conscious of it and desires gratitude or prayer in return for his benevolence. If on any occasion the other person should turn against him, he considers him ungrateful.
On occasion he reminds him of his benevolence or puts some heavy burden upon him. The benevolent ones have been admonished by God Almighty:

[2:265] O ye who believe! render not vain your alms by taunt and injury

That is, O those who do good to others–good that should be based on sincerity–do not render it vain by reminding them what favours you have done them or by inflicting injury on them. The Arabic word for alms (“Sadaqah”) is derived from a root (“sidq”) that means sincerity. If the heart is not inspired by sincerity in bestowing alms, the almsgiving ceases to be alms and becomes mere display. That is why those who exercise benevolence have been admonished by God Almighty not to render vain their benevolence by reproaches or injury.

The third grade of doing good is graciousness as between kindred. God Almighty directs that in this grade there should be no idea of benevolence or any desire for gratitude, but good should be done out of such eager sympathy as, for instance, a mother does good to her child. This is the highest grade of doing good which cannot be exceeded. But God Almighty has conditioned all these grades of doing good with their appropriate time and place.

The verse cited above clearly indicates that if these virtues are not exercised in their proper places they would become vices. For instance, if equity exceeds its limits it would take on an unwholesome aspect and would become indecent. In the same way, misuse of benevolence would take on a form which would be repelled by reason and conscience; and in the same way graciousness between kindred would become transgression.

The Arabic word for transgression is “baghi”, which connotes excessive rain which ruins crops. A deficiency in the discharge of an obligation or an excess in its discharge are both “baghi”. In short, whichever of these three qualities is exercised out of place becomes tainted. That is why they are all three qualities conditioned by the due observance of place and occasion.

It should be remembered that equity or benevolence or graciousness between kindred are not in themselves moral qualities. They are man’s natural conditions and faculties that are exhibited even by children before they develop their reason. Reason is a condition of the exercise of a moral quality and there is also a condition that every moral quality should be exercised in its proper place and on its proper occasion.”

Pages 64-67- “The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam”

Click to access Philosophy-of-Teachings-of-Islam.pdf

Progress of Ahmadiyyat in 2013

January 8, 2014

Friday Sermon:

Progress of Ahmadiyyat in 2013, Financial Sacrifice and Waqf-e-Jadid

Sermon Delivered on 3rd January 2014 by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad at Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

The original Sermon was delivered in Urdu; Its translations are available in following languages:
Urdu English Albanian Bengali Bosnian Bulgarian French German Indonesian Malayalam Russian Sindhi Spanish Swahili Tamil Turkish


• First, I wish to say to all of you and to all Ahmadis spread throughout the world, that may Allah bless the New Year. I have been receiving such congratulatory, prayerful, mubarakbaad [blessings] messages from individual Ahmadis, from Jama’ats and from Ahmadiyya Jama’at institutions. May Allah bless this new year for them all and for all Jama’ats.

• It is not enough for us to get together and offer voluntary prayers in congregation on New Year’s night if we also do not develop the feeling that now we have to try, as far as possible, to continue to offer these voluntary prayers every night; and have to improve the standard of our worship to acquire the Grace of God; and have to try in our daily practical life to do everything with the sole motive of winning the pleasure of God.

• May Allah enable all our officeholders and those devoted to serving the Jama’at develop and adopt humility, lowliness and sincerity and become hard working and prayerful and daily more so than before. And when this happens then truly they will become the “sultanan naseera” – a helping power – for the Khalifa of the time also. And the members of the Jama’at also would then turn, with full loyalty, to attend to the work of the Jama’at giving such work preference over all other worldly tasks.

• In 2013, by the Grace of Allah, the Exalted, 136 mosques were built; and in India, in some small places, small temporary mosques or sheds have been constructed using wood and tin and these numbered 22. We were also blessed with 258 new mosques. We were given these 258 mosques in this way that the work of tabligh/outreach that the Jama’at is doing resulted in Imams joining us and they brought these mosques also with them and the people also joined.

• Similarly, during the trips to Germany, I placed the foundation stones of two mosques and joined in their Jalsa and during these trips their newspapers and radio and tv stations provided us coverage that went well beyond the borders of Germany and reached Austria and Switzerland also since the tv channels who covered the events were jointly serving these countries also. And in this way, overall, during these journeys of Germany, the message reached some 4 million people.

• So fill the coming year with prayers. Pay so much attention to the recitation of durood and istighfar that Allah, the Exalted, casting always a glance of Mercy upon us, may continue to make more and more expansive the Grace that He has been bestowing upon us and turn the machinations of our enemies upon them themselves. May He wipe out and make extinct, every opponent and every opposition. May His Grace continue to descend upon us in greater measure every day.

• Today is the first Jumu’ah [Friday] of January and in keeping with tradition, the announcement of the new Waqf-e-Jadid year also happens on this Friday and the Grace of God that descended during the previous year by way of Waqf-e-Jadid and that continues to descend is also mentioned. Some of it I have already mentioned. Much of the Waqf-e-Jadid chanda [contributions] is used in Africa and this is another Grace of God that this chanda is enabling mosques to be made and tabligh to be carried out and for doing many other things.

• Death of Yusuf Lateef Sahib of Boston, USA.

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