Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

The Grand Prophecy of the Eclipses

July 9, 2021


Hazrat Imam Baqar Muhammad bin Ali (ra) has narrated the following Hadith (saying of the Holy Prophet Muhammad saw):

“For our Mahdi (Divine Reformer) there are two signs which have never appeared before since the creation of the heavens and the earth, namely the moon will be eclipsed on the first night in Ramadan (i.e. on the first of the nights on which a lunar eclipse can occur) and the sun will be eclipsed in its middle (i.e. on the middle day of the days on which a solar eclipse can occur), and these signs have not appeared since God created the heavens and the earth.”

(Dare Qutani Vol 1, page 188) or (Sunan Darqutni, kitabul eidain, chapter: salat-ul-kasoof-ul khasoof wa haitahuma)

In the literature of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, the dates of the lunar and solar eclipses have been taken as 13, 14, 15 and 27, 28, 29 respectively…

View original post 423 more words

Is one’s “writing” or “communication” enough proof to me of one’s existence?

June 23, 2021

1.The truth is nobody knows if there is a God. So why should anyone believe in God? by [deleted] in DebateReligion

[–]paarsurrey -4 points 3 years ago 

  • It is a wrong assertion. God has made converse with the truthful persons, their Word of Revelation provide knowledge about Him to the humans. The non-believers of God have failed to provide any proof of His non-existence. They are however free to deny Him as there is no compulsion to believe in Him. Regards
  • Does one believe in the unicorns, please? Regards
  • So, one does not believe in unicorns as they never existed. That is quite OK. Does one believe in one’s own existence, please? Regards
  • I’m as certain about my existence as I can be
  • Kindly give evidence of one’s existence to us, please. Will one, please? Regards
  • I did not mention the unicorns to start with. One who mentioned them does not have any evidence of their existence, so his argument was invalid, please. Regards
  • I never gave anything dubious, for sure. God has made Converse with the truthful persons in all ages and regions, which confirm He exists. There is no compulsion for a person to believe in Him. God exist irrespective one believes in Him or does not believe in Him. God does not need that He should be believed in. It is the humans who need Him, please. Regards
  • <Kindly give evidence of God’s existence to us, please>
  • God’s many attributes are mentioned in Quran. some of them are: [57:4] He is the First and the Last, and the Manifest and the Hidden, and He knows all things full well. Manifest or Evident does not need to be proved. God is Evident and exists irrespective of if one believes in Him or does not believe in Him. He does not need to be believed by others and that does not mean that He does not exist. So He is to be believed by the humans very naturally as they believe in the existence of themselves. Right, please? Regards

8.The truth is nobody knows if there is a God. So why should anyone believe in God? by [deleted] in DebateReligion

[–]paarsurrey 2 points 3 years ago 

Top of Form

<So by writing this reply I’m proving my existence as much as I can.>

Does one mean that if one’s “writing” or communication to me is enough proof of one’s existence, please? Regards

9.The truth is nobody knows if there is a God. So why should anyone believe in God? by [deleted] in DebateReligion

[–]paarsurrey 1 point 3 years ago 

My writing to you is proof

Thanks for confirming that communication could be a profound evidence of one’s (your) existence though we have never met with one another or never seen one another or never touched one another. I witness God communicated with Muhammad and in our times with Mirza Ghulam Ahmad 1835-1908 and told them things that have happened exactly as they told, so it makes evident that God exists. Right, please?

overview for paarsurrey (


Holy War -the peaceful version- with reasons, arguments and peaceful dialogue

The News:

One will, perhaps, love to read the following:

“Holy War”: Is it Armageddon? with its ” Peaceful Version”! 1

“Holy War”: Is it Armegiddon / Armageddon? – with its “Peaceful Version”! 1 | paarsurrey (

One will be taken aback to note that Armegiddon/Armageddon is nothing like as one would have imagined or known so far. It is not to be fought with any physical and destructive weaponry and or the lethal arsenal of the day. It is peaceful and in fact, I understand, it has already started and it is sown like a seed!

It was a debate between the Pauline-Christianity (represented by Mr. Abdullah Atham) and the Second Coming 1835-1908 , that took place in Urdu language and was published then by the name “Jang-e-Muqaddas” in 1893 ( 22 May 1893 to 5 June 1893) in the then British India and has been recently translated and published in English by the name “The Holy War”:

The Holy War — A DEBATE BETWEEN ISLAM & CHRISTIANITY — Jang-e-Muqaddas (


From: a peaceful Ahmadiyya Muslim


These are the days of Armageddon – the final battle between good and evil –The peaceful Version! 3 

Has Armageddon already started with the advent of Second Coming 1835-1908 ?– The peaceful Version! 2

Dawkins, Hitchens, and Harris, falsely being treated representative of New Atheism: Richard Carrier

June 5, 2021


I have written following comments on Richard Carrier’s “Freethought Blogs”.
Topic: “Minor Corrections to Crossley’s Jesus in an Age of Neoliberalism” by Richard Carrier

April 23, 2014 at 9:22 am (awaiting moderation)

“Similarly, Crossley rightly takes to task the reactionary Islamophobia of Dawkins, Hitchens, and Harris, but falsely treats that as representative of New Atheism, when in fact the bulk of the New Atheist movement has been consistently criticizing them for precisely these views.” Unquote

I read Hitchens book “God is not great”; and noticed that he had no in-depth study of Quran/Islam/Muhammad and generalized things from his experience with Christianity and had a biased view of Quran/Islam/Muhammad.

In the entire book Hitchens could not quote even a single verse from Quran in support of his views about Quran/Islam/Muhammad; though the title of the book suggests that his intention was to write the book against Islam.

I appreciate…

View original post 40 more words

Tukht-e-Suleman (Throne of Solomon) Inscriptions : Muzaffar Ahmad

June 1, 2021

Muzaffar Ahmad

UPLOADED BYMuzaffar Ahmad

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is ow6Ar_cyKZRC8O8fD0lox0BhPoOhFEJGXyfsPkA5rcGbnjTGsQch3zuz_pUfS8TCLi78gfbut9L6CggIkJ04_QYqQ-xCpmDvRIT_ujerWBdxoItUiu658xDJCNJqfWzVYVkkQE29

At this time a youth named Yuzasp has arrived from Egypt and claims sonship of  a prophet. Year fifty four [of Kashmiri Calender]

A Note on Two Erased Persian Inscriptions on Takht-e-Suleiman Hill  Srinagar  

(Muzaffar Ahmad 2015) 

Two erased inscriptions had been recorded by historians, archaeologists and travelers on  the walls flanking the flight of eighteen steps leading to the main shrine of Takht-e Suleiman in Srinagar. They were reported to be erased by Sikh or Dogra soldiers as  early as 1840.This paper is an effort to reconstruct their text from literary sources. 

 Sandhimana Parvata or Takht-e-Suleiman hill in Srinagar (Lawrence 1895:297) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Kashmir. It is a sacred place of Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists (Lawrence 1895: 297-8) and probably of Central  Asian Jews in past (Vigne 1842: I-395). Local traditions hold that the Temple built  on its summit was spared from demolishment by Sultan Sikandar as he was told that Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna offered his prayers there (Hasan 1931:395-6).  There is still a small but elegant structure near the temple which is considered a  mosque by many (Fauq 1920:126). It was assumed by some that grave of  sandhimana, Samdhimati or Suleiman is on the summit of this hill. An unrecorded  excavation on the summit in 1915 brought to light a cenotaph near the mosque and  the temple (Fauq 1920: 126-7, Ahmad 2015). 

 Jyeshtheshvara (Kalhana 1900:51) or modern Śaṅkarācārya temple on the  summit of this hill is of great antiquity. Sir Alexander Cunningham recorded an inscription on the right hand flank wall of the stairs leading to the temple. It was a  slab ten inches square dated to 1069 A.H./1659 CE. He copied it in 1839 but when  he revisited Srinagar in 1841 it was reportedly erased by Dogra soldiers. He was  hardly able to re-trace the name of Takht-e-Suliman. Cunningham never published  the text of this inscription for some unknown reason and did not provide any  details why he dated it to 1069 A.H. (Cunningham 1848:10-11) Major Cole in his  Illustrations of the ancient buildings of Kashmir (Cole1869, Kak 1933:75)  mentions two erased Persian inscriptions on the flank walls of stairs leading to  octagonal platform and the temple on it. Ram Chandar Kak notes that two side 

walls of the flight of steps1leading to the shrine once bore two Persian inscriptions: 

1 Excellent details of stairs are found in Ince’s Kashmir Handbook (Calcutta 1867.p.85.) I am  grateful to Dr. Tahira Saeed for making available to me photographs of a rare copy in Colombia 

The temple is built on a high octagonal plinth approached by a long  flight of steps enclosed by two side-walls which originally bore two  Persian inscriptions. One of these was dated A.H. 1069 =A.D. 1659.  Both inscriptions disappeared sometime in the last few decades (Kak  1933:74). 

 He also mentions a date of year 1069 A.H. engraved on staircase (Kak  1933:75). Here he appears to be in some confusion about the original location of  the inscription. It looks as if he is trying to harmonize the accounts given by Cole  and Cunningham. Cunningham’s account either confirms the defacement of the  inscription of the left flank wall prior to the one on right or shows that he failed to  notice or ignored the left flank wall inscription. Whatever was the case there is no  doubt that there were inscriptions on both flank walls as writer of Wanchoo Folio,  Ghulam Hasan Khuihami, Major Cole and Kak all confirms their presence. 

Recovery of erased texts from historical sources 

1. Inscription on northern flank wall 

 Around 1880, Ghulam Hasan Khuihami, the renowned historian of Kashmir  recorded a mutilated inscription on the northern side wall of the stairs. In his Tarikh-e-Kashmir he holds Dogra soldiers and Sikhs responsible for erasing it and  provides the following text on the authority of his father Abd-ur-Rasheed Shiva who saw the inscription written in Khat-i- Thulth in his youth: 

At this time a youth named Yuzasp has arrived from Egypt and claims sonship of  a prophet 

At another place he adds “year 54 of the Kashmiri Calendar” at the end. The  wording “of the Kashmiri Calendar” was not part of the original text and it should  be taken as an interpretation of the text by Hasan. 

University library. Information provided by D.F. Newall in JASB 35(1).1867.pp.120-21 is also  very useful.

At this time a youth named Yuzasp has arrived from Egypt and claims sonship of  a prophet. Year fifty four [of Kashmiri Calender] 

The worn out Wanchoo Folio from an unknown history of Kashmir which survived  only in a published photograph seems to be the oldest source of the text of these two inscriptions (Khwaja 1952). The one on northern wall is: 

[…………] fifty four 

Yuz Asaf proclaimed Prophethood.  

2. Inscription on southern flank wall 

 There is only a single evidence of the text of the inscription on the southern  flank wall and it comes from Wanchoo Folio: 

He is Yasu the prophet of Bani Israel 

Below is a comparison of the texts from both sources.


 There is little doubt that the text of these inscriptions as quoted in Wanchoo  Folio and in an altered form in Tarikh-e-Kashmir by Hasan was well known before  18th century in Kashmir. Kalhana in his 12th century Rajatarangini depending on  Chavillkara’s history narrates that Gopadityia I repaired the temple of  Jeysthesvara on Gopadari, the ancient name of Takh-e-Suleiman hill (Kalhana 1900:50-51). Kalhana presents Samdhimati (Suleiman) and his guru Isa or Isana  Rena (Isa or Isana the Helper) as contemporaries of Gopadytia II (Kalhana 

1900:66-69, Shahabadi 1984:71-2), the Gopananda of local Kashmiri traditions  and Persian historical sources. This shows his confusion about the reigns of great  grandfather and the great grandson. The still extant document of a 1766 CE decree  by Mufti Muhammad Fazil Qazi of Srinagar affirms the common knowledge of  people of Srinagar that Yuzasaf was a prophet in the time of Raja Gopanand (Gopadytia) who built the temple on Takht (Mufti 1936: 56-58, 77).2 H.H. Wilson  quotes from Gohar-e- Alam Tuhfa-e-Shahi (a history of Kashmir written by Badie 

ul-Zaman before 1786 CE) that Suleiman was a Christian apostle (Wilson 1825:  30). The original wording in the Calcutta Manuscript of the History of Badie-ul Zaman is: 

The assertion of the people of knowledge is that one of the disciples  [of Jesus] (حواریون از یکے (is buried there. From whose tomb emanates  divine grace and blessing.3 

At the present state of research we can only reconstruct the text of these two erased inscriptions reported by well-known archaeologists of 19th and 20th century from  two textual sources of the history of Kashmir. Texts provided by Wanchoo Folio  are more reliable in comparison with Tarikh-e-Hasan as the document is of considerable antiquity but we have to wait for the discovery of the lost manuscript 

2Two other sources are added by Dr. Fida Husnain. One is a so-called Muhammadi press edition  of Haidar Malik’s Tarihkh-i-Kashmir which contains the same wording as in Wanchoo folio.  This I cannot confirm. The second is Wajeez-u-Tawarikh by Ghulam Nabi Khaniyari. It has the  sentence: Yuz Asaf proclaimed prophethood. Year 54. Khwaja Nazir writes that a manuscript of  the history of Haidar Malik mentions all four inscriptions without quoting them on folios 11 and  12 while Khwaja Hasan Malik mentioned the first and the last sentence in his history. Again I  cannot confirm it. 

3 Ms.189.Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal. Folio 75b.

to say something with surety. An on spot examination of the present state of slabs  (if they are not removed) could be helpful to recommend or not the use of X-ray  fluorescence (XRF) imaging technique. 

 To judge the text of these inscriptions in historical or religious context is beyond the scope of this paper. However two points are important to note. 

1. The script of inscriptions on a pillar in sanctum (Picture 1) combined with some  others (Pictures 2 and 3) makes it clear that the erased inscriptions on the flank  walls were most probably depicted in a peculiar style of calligraphy common in  Shahmiri period before the introduction of Nastaleeq by Mughals. These  inscriptions were most probably Persian translations from original Sanskrit  inscriptions and were made when the temple was repaired in Early Shahmiri  period. Bilingual Sanskrit-Persian inscriptions of Shahmiri period are still found  in Kashmir (Picture3). 

2. There is some evidence that the two inscriptions on the flank walls were erased somewhere between 1833 and 1841 CE. by Sikhs on the incitement of a fanatic  Christian preacher Joseph wolff (1795-1862). He was on his way to India when  he informed Mohan Lal on 8th of May 1832 in Kabul that when he was in  Bukhara he talked to Jesus in a vision in which Jesus told him that Srinagar will  be the future Jerusalem of the world (Mohan Lal 1846:72-73). He informed Sir  Alexander Burnes (1805 -1841) of this vision and started talking about it in  public in Kabul. On 16th of May 1832 he met Mullah Abdul Qadir from 

Kashmir who told him that “In the time of Jesus, the city was destroyed, and  Parwarzeen (Pravrasena) built the present Cashmere (Srinagar)” (Wolff  1832:336). In 1833 he wrote to the editor of a newspaper in Calcutta that he  will stay in Kashmir for 12 days and will enquire from Muslim Mullahs about  Jesus (Wolff 1833:15). He reached Kashmir when Ranjit Singh’s son Sher  Singh was the governor. He met him and talked with him about his vision.  During his stay in Srinagar he made investigations about Jesus from Muslims and Buddhists4(Wolff 1861:120-21). A conversation between Vigne and Wolff  provides a proof that Wolff was informed by local people about some graves of  his interest on Takht-e-Suleiman (Vigne 1842: I-395). There is some probability  

4 Bottas or Ladakhi Buddhists were living in a colony near Hari Parbat in Srinagar and they held  Pus-Pahari (Takht-e-Suleiman) in great esteem (Lawrence 1895: 297-8).

that once he found out that the text of these inscriptions was contrary to his  beliefs, he erased the inscriptions himself or used Sikh government to achieve  this task. This could be the interpretation of Hasan’s words that in Sikh period  the opponents deleted these inscriptions. 

1. The inscription on a pillar in sanctum in ancient Kashmiri calligraphic style (after Cole)

2. Oldest Quran from Kashmir written in 1237 CE with a similar calligraphic style

3. The bilingual inscription of a Shahmiri Royal grave with same calligraphic style

4. Wanchoo Folio (After Khwaja)

5. Flank walls are visible above the door leading to the shrine of Śaṅkarācārya 5 


6. The flank walls 6 



Ahmad, Muzaffar. An Unrecorded Excavation on Takht-i-Suleiman Srinagar Suleiman_Srinagar.2015
Cunningham, Alexander. An Essay on the Arian Order of Architecture, as  Exhibited in the Temples of Kashmir. Calcutta. 1848.
Hasan, Pirzada Ghulam. Tarikh-i-Kashmir vol.1. Geography of Kashmir. Srinagar. 1305 A.H. 
—————————– Tarikh-i-Kashmir. MSS. (Research Library, Srinagar).
Kak, R. C. Ancient Monuments of Kashmir. London, 1933.
Khwaja, Nazir Ahmad. Jesus in Heaven on Earth. Woking.1952.
Lawrence, Walter R. a y a r . 1895.
Mohan Lal .Travels in Panjab, Afghanistan and Turkistan. London. 1846.
Mufti, Muhammad Sadiq.Tahqeeq-e-Jadid.1936.
Stein, M.A. and Kalhana. Kalhana’s rajatarangini.Westminister.1900.
The Calcutta Christian Observer. 1(7).1832.
The Calcutta Christian Observer.2. 1833. 
The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Regiter. 11. 1833
Vigne, Godfrey Thomas. Travels in Kashmir, Ladak, Iskardo, the Countries  Adjoining the Mountain-course of the Indus, and the Himalaya, North of the  Panjab : With Map Engraved by Direction of the Hon. East India Company, and  Other Illustrations. London. 1842.
Wolff, Joseph. Journals of Rev. Joseph Wolff Vol.2. London 1861,
—————– Adventures of Rev. Joseph Wolff vol. ii, p. London. 1861.

Muzaffar Ahmad

UPLOADED BYMuzaffar Ahmad

Atheism is neither supported by “Scientific Method” nor by Science

May 7, 2021

Atheism people give the impression that they are supported by Science and they demand of the Religions to give “Evidence” of God in terms of the “Scientific Method”. Their demand is unreasonable. Paarsurrey gives here some posts from the thread “Is Atheism based on superstition? ” on Religious Forum. Please click on the post #1 to get to the discussion.

Atheism has neither basis in Revelation nor in science.
Right? Please

#1 <<<<paarsurrey

It is not absolutely essential for an Atheist to be reasonable. Atheism people are not bound to look to science for answers.
Are they? Please

#20 <<<<<paarsurrey

paarsurrey said: Atheism has neither basis in Revelation nor in science.
Right? Please

Correct. The discussion of atheism would be a topic of philosophy.#27 Willamena

Atheism is a topic of philosophy because it deals with mental relations, namely belief. It also touches on existential being, knowledge, and reality, which also lie in the area of philosophy.#43 Willamena

For ethical, moral and spiritual matters the religious people have to refer to the Revelation, this does not check/stop them referring to science in the matters pertaining material and physical realms, and it is a reasonable approach.
The Atheism do not refer to science necessarily as it is not essential in Atheism. Is it an essential part of Atheism ideology? Please

#44 paarsurrey

“An attitude toward science may be a concomitant variable but that doesn’t make it part of the same thing”
“Science is not part of atheism”
“So saying atheists look to science for answers may describe most atheists, but even if it described all atheists it wouldn’t be part of what atheism actually is”

I agree with your above points.

#45 paarsurrey

And Atheism would be as faulty as philosophy happens to be or even more.
Right? Please

#48 paarsurrey

I’d say a superstition is an unquestioned belief in something/ aka blind faith

Atheism, by definition, goes out of its way to avoid questioning its own beliefs, this is the antithesis of science. So yes .#56 Guy Threepwood

And Atheism is just the same.
Thanks for confirming it.

#59 paarsurrey

April 25, 2021

Invitation to Ahmadiyya : “Dawat ul Ameer”

April 4, 2021
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Mirza-Bashiruddin-Mahmud-Ahmad-1-150x150.jpg

Invitation to Ahmadiyyat is an English translation of Dawat al-Amir, en epistle written in Urdu and presented in Persian to a Ruler of Afghanistan, Amanullah Khan. It is written by Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad, Khalifatul Masih II (ra).

(1889-1965) Khalifatul Masih II (1914-1965) Al Musleh Mauod (The Promised Reformer) Second Successor to the Promised Messiah.

Table of Contents:

1. Foreword2. Translator’s Note3. Part I – Preliminaries4. Part II Arguments – Argument 1 – The Need of the Hour5. Argument 2 – Testimony of the Holy Prophet6. Argument 3 – Personal Purity7. Argument 4 – Triumph of Islam over Other Religions8. Argument 5 – Rejuvenation of Islam9. Argument 6 – Divine Help10. Argument 7 – Defeat of Enemies11. Argument 8 – Adored by Angels12. Argument 9 – Gift of Special Knowledge13. Argument 10 – Prophecies14. Argument 11 – Love of God and the Holy Prophet15. Argument 12 – Life-giving Powers16. Part III – Invitation

He it is Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the true faith that He may make it prevail over all other faiths (Al-Quran, 9:33; 48:29; 61:10)

Invitation to

Being a statement of beliefs, a rationale of claims and an invitation, on behalf of the Ahmadiyya Movement for the propagation and rejuvenation of Islam by Hazrat Mirza Bashir-ud-din Mahmud Ahmad,1980,THE LONDON MOSQUE.

Every chapter of this book could be used as a flyer and or as a pamphlet, I understand.

Can Atheism be combined with other Revealed Religions?

March 14, 2021

Please view paarsurrey’s posts on Religious Forum by clicking the post numbers.

Sxxxxx said: In a couple of Dharmic religions, Buddhism and Hinduism, it’s acceptable to be a follower of that religion and to identify as an atheist at the same time depending on the school of philosophy one follows, and doing so is generally accepted by followers of these religions (not that debate between the schools of philosophy isn’t all that uncommon). We have followers of these religions who are atheists on this very forum.

My question is this: Is it possible in your religion to be a member of or follow your religion and identify as atheist? Why or why not?

#56< paarsurrey wrote:

It is a sign of confusion, I understand. One wants to ride two boats at a time, isn’t it, please?


Sxxxx said: Are you saying that one is not permitted to ride more than one boat in your religion?

#59 < Paarsurrey wrote:

The “rider of two boats (a proverb in Urdu language) has his one leg in one boat and his other leg in another boat is sure to fall in the water and to drown. In Revealed Religions there is reasonably no place for this “ism” called Atheism etc. Either one believes in G-d and is a believer, or one doesn’t believes in G-d and one is a disbeliever. Right?
In man-made religions one can combine or not combine any number of them, as confusion + confusion+ confusion is more and more confusion. Right?
Why not research and resolve this situation with Religious Method and find the Truth, please? Right?


mikkel_the_dane said: Yeah, everybody else than you are confused. I mean, I am so confused that I didn’t write this. It is truly a miracle that all these confused humans have a life. :D

#60paarsurreyToday at 11:17 AM

But one has not combined Atheism with any Revealed Religions, at least I don’t see it displayed as such, one has only “the Wrong one”, but still “One” not two of them. Right?


mxxxxx said: It is a way to make fun of the idea of The Right One.

#62 < paarsurrey

Why to make fun of the “Right One”, please?


March 11, 2021

Top nonfiction read :”Ishmael”- by Daniel Quinn

March 8, 2021

paarsurrey’s comments on the above blog of jenniebrant titled “Top 5 Nonfiction Reads

One has introduced 5 nonfiction reads. On the top is “Ishmael”- by Daniel Quinn, which one has read more than once. I checked about it the Wikipedia. Among others it mentions:

“Reinterpretation of Biblical myths
Ishmael proposes that the story of Genesis was written by the Semites and later adapted to work within Hebrew and Christian belief structures. He proposes that Abel’s extinction metaphorically represents the nomadic Semites’ losing in their conflict with agriculturalists. As they were driven further into the Arabian peninsula, the Semites became isolated from other herding cultures and, according to Ishmael, illustrated their plight through oral history, which was later adopted into the Hebrew book of Genesis.

Ishmael denies that the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil was forbidden to humans simply to test humans’ self-control.”
It is indeed weird that Genesis mentions that G-d forbad Adam eating from the “Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil” and or from the ” Tree of Life”. I understand, it must be an attempt by the corrupt scribes so that the ordinary humans don’t make effort to have knowledge for life and to benefit from it and to know good from evil and they continue to depend on the clergy for all the matters of life and knowledge. Right?
Not much has been written on the life of Ishmael . Ishmael was the elder son of Abraham and it is from the lineage of Ishmael that Muhammad the Prophet came and brought Quran. Quran has a chapter named Al-Furqan meaning to know right from wrong and there is a prayer to G-d to increase our knowledge. “Second Coming” 1835-1908 has also come as a Successor to Muhammad so the spiritual bounties of life and knowledge promised to Abraham by G-d continue to the world for the benefit of humanity, please. Right?

%d bloggers like this: