Natural qualities done at proper occasion and place under the control of reason become moral qualities

 

Human beings have many natural qualities in them; the natural qualities done on proper occasion and place with a rational approach become moral qualities.

I would like to quote here in this connection from the book “ THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM” by Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad- the Promised Messiah:

Mirza Ghualm Ahmad- the Promised Messiah and Imam Mahdi says:

“The truth is that corresponding to every physical action there is an inner quality which is moral; for instance, a person sheds tears through the eyes and corresponding to that action there is an inner quality which is called tenderness, which takes on the character of a moral quality when, under the control of reason, it is exercised on its proper occasion. In the same way, a person defends himself against the attack of an enemy with his hands, and corresponding to this action there is an inner quality which is called bravery. When this quality is exercised at its proper place and on its proper occasion, it is called a moral quality.

Similarly a person sometimes seeks to relieve the oppressed from the oppression of tyrants, or desires to make provision for the indigent and the hungry, or wishes to serve his fellow beings in some other way, and corresponding to such action there is an inner quality which is designated mercy.

Sometimes a person punishes a wrongdoer and corresponding to such action there is an inner quality which is called retribution. Sometimes a person does not wish to attack one who attacks him and forbears to take action against a wrongdoer, corresponding to which there is a quality which is called forbearance or endurance.

Sometimes a person works with his hands or feet or employs his mind and intellect or his wealth in order to promote the welfare of his fellow beings, corresponding to which there is an inner quality which is called benevolence.

Thus, when a person exercises all these qualities on their proper occasions and at their proper places they are called moral qualities.

Pages 30-31

http://www.alislam.org/library/books/Philosophy-of-Teachings-of-Islam.pdf

 

 

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