Three levels of certainty of knowing God

Hadrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad (ra) 1893- 1963

Hadrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad (ra) 1893- 1963

 

Mirza Bashir Ahmad, an able son of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad- the Promised Messiah and Imam Mahdi has written a good note on the above topic, I want that the viewers enjoy it reading:

Three levels of certainty

 Mirza Bashir Ahmad said:

This argument is “an intellectual one and leads us to the point where we can say that ‘There should be a God’. But with a little bit of understanding, the same argument can also lead us to certainty regarding the existence of God.

There are different levels of certainty, and one of these can be reached through intellectual arguments, whereby we learn about the existence of something by observing its effects. For instance, if we see smoke rising from a distance, we conclude that there must be a fire. Such certainty is termed by Holy Quran as ‘Ilmul Yaqin, or ‘Certainty through inference’. Such certainty is the result of reason and not of direct observation. This is the sort of certainty when we say ‘There should be a God’, for it tells us of the existence of God by observing the effects of His existence.

The second level of certainty is ‘Ainul Yaqin or ‘Certainty through Sight’, whereby we do not need the help of reason. For instance, if we walk towards the smoke that we see rising from a distance and reach a point from where we can see the fire, then we possess not only intellectual certainty of the existence of fire but also certainty by sight. We now believe in the fire on the authority of direct observation and not just through inference or reasoning.

The third level of certainty is what the Holy Quran calls Haqqul Yaqin or ‘Perfect Certainty’. This is when the man gets so close to the fire that he can actually feel the heat, which is a distinctive attribute of fire. Now he does not only see the fire, but can also receive warmth from it and find his way by its light. This is the ultimate and the highest level of certainty which man can achieve. There are many subcategories within this final level, and everyone attains certainty according to his own effort and ability.

Thus the level where we can say that ‘There should be a God’, is the level of ‘Certainty through Inference’. At this stage we prove the existence of God with the help of arguments, but at the stage of certainty when we learn that there is a God, we do not need the support of argument, for we can see our object with our own eyes.” Unquote

Pages 117-119      ” OurGod

http://www.alislam.org/library/books/OurGod.pdf

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